(Family Features) The new year provides an opportunity to re-evaluate different aspects of your life, and that includes your budget and savings habits. Planning for emergencies by building – or rebuilding if the COVID-19 pandemic required making a withdrawal – a savings account to withstand the unforeseen, can increase confidence in your overall financial health and reduce worry that a significant life event will negatively impact your finances.
“Our research shows having emergency savings is the foundation for long-term financial health,” said Chandni Ohri, program lead in savings and financial health with BlackRock’s Emergency Savings Initiative. “The start of a new year is a good time to make a savings plan, which can consist of putting a little bit of money away regularly.”
Even before the pandemic began, 4 out of 10 Americans had a hard time finding even $400 to cover an emergency, according to a report from the United States Federal Reserve. However, if you do not think you have money to save, consider the majority of people who were able to save for an emergency for the first time in 2020 earned less than $60,000, according to research from BlackRock’s Emergency Savings Initiative, a group of nonprofit experts, corporate partners, and providers. Changes in spending due to the pandemic plus government stimulus packages have helped many individuals create much-needed cash buffers.
Consider these tips to build your emergency savings account and to create a buffer of cash for when an emergency strikes.
While it is less important to have a specific dollar amount in mind, getting into the habit of putting some money in savings with each paycheck can help protect you should an emergency arise. While one good rule of thumb is to set aside enough to cover roughly six weeks of living expenses – housing, food, transportation – take a look at what it would cost to cover unexpected issues with your car, a trip to the hospital, a leak in your home or the replacement of a major appliance and start there.
Even a small amount, such as $50 in your savings account when it is the day before payday and you are running on fumes, can save you from an overdraft fee, having to resort to using a credit card, borrowing from a loved one or taking out a loan. However, research from the AARP Public Policy Institute found having a cash buffer of approximately $2,500 can help prevent financial hardship over the longer term. If you lose your job, for example, your emergency account could help pay for necessities while you find a new position, or the funds could supplement any unemployment benefits you may receive.
Because an emergency can strike at any time, it is important to have easy access to your funds. However, the account should also be separate from your checking account, so you are not tempted to dip into your reserves. Pick a free savings account with no minimum balance requirements and link it to your everyday account to quickly move money over if you need it.
Look for ways you can automatically save such as enabling roundups from your checking account to be transferred to your savings with each purchase or having your employer split your paycheck and automatically deposit a portion into savings each payday.
If you are planning to stash funds away for months or years that can serve as both an emergency fund and long-term savings, consider a high-yield savings account.
While you may have already made changes to your spending habits amid the pandemic, periodically shopping for competitive rates of recurring bills, such as cable and internet, cell phones, insurance policies and other utilities, can be a simple way to save some money each month. Start by asking your current providers about any special rates and promotions that may be available to loyal customers then check with alternative providers to see if they can provide the same or better offerings at a reduced cost. Sometimes returning to your current provider with a more competitive rate from elsewhere can be extra incentive to work out a deal to keep a longtime customer.
Also look at any subscription services you use, or potentially do not use but still pay for and see if they offer a cheaper plan that still meets your needs or if you are able to cancel subscriptions you no longer use frequently. Other expenses such as dining out or buying new clothing and accessories could also be scaled back if you find you are splurging too much. Avoid completely cutting spending for leisure activities from your budget but look for reasonable tweaks that can allow you to set more money aside for unforeseen expenses.
Assuming you expect to receive a tax refund, this provides an easy way to boost your emergency fund if circumstances allow you to save all or a portion of the refund. If you are able, consider having your refund directly deposited into your emergency account. The same strategies can be applied to any government aid checks you may receive, such as another round of stimulus money that could be distributed to eligible citizens to help reinvigorate the economy amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
There may also be other times throughout the year when you receive one or more cash gifts, like your birthday or holidays, that can help provide a nice cushion to your emergency fund if you can avoid the temptation to spend the cash received.
Remember to review and adjust your savings plan as needed, whether you are able to contribute over a longer period of time without dipping into the account or if an expensive life event pops up that requires using all or a portion of the funds.
Should you need to dip into the savings, do your best to make replenishing the account to a level you are comfortable with a primary goal in case any additional unexpected expenses arise. Alternatively, if your saving is going well, consider increasing the amount you are saving each paycheck, so you are better protected against any major life changes or to be able to finance a large-scale purchase down the road.
American Financial Solutions’ certified credit counselors can help find ways to reduce debts and monthly debt payments and free up income to build savings. Counselors listen and work with customers to understand the financial situation and budget and then help them develop realistic options for meeting financial goals. Call or chat with a counselor today 888-282-5811.
You can also visit savingsproject.org for more tips and information on building savings.
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